一般将来时

3.3 一般将来时   

3.3.1 概念   

表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态。   

There will be an English party next Saturday .  

We will come to see you tomorrow .  

3.3.2 结构   

1)由will +动词原形构成,其will适用于各种人称,与主语连在一起时,常常缩写为’ll。变否定句时,只需在will后加not,可缩写为won’t 。在疑问句中,will需提前,构成will+主语+动词原形的结构。         

He will arrive here this evening .他今晚抵达这里。   

2)shall+动词原形(常用于主语为第一人称)   

I shall / will not be free tomorrow .我明天没空。  

3)be going to+动词原形(打算、准备做某事)      

He is going to spend his holidays in London . 他打算在伦敦度假。  

3.3.3 用法    

1)表示在将来某个时间将要发生的动作或存在的状态,常与表示将来的时间状语,如:tomorrow, next day(week,month,year....), this evening (weekend …), in the future , in a few minutes, the day after tomorrow ,by..., soon 等连用。 

I will pay a visit to Shanghai next week .  

I hope you won’t be late next time .      

2)当主句为一般现在时,在以after,when,while,as soon as ,if ,unless等引导的时间或条件句中,要用一般现在时表将来。   

I’ll do it better if the teacher gives me another chance .  

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