Points that merit special attention

四、使用象声词时要注意的问题 Points that merit special attention

(一)象声词做状语时一般要用助词“地”。但和数量词一起 做状语时,后面不用“地”。例如: When an onomatope is used as an adverbial adjunct, the particle should be used. However, when an onomatope works together with a numeral, the particle is not necessary. For example:
北风呼呼地刮着。
什么东西扑通一声掉到水里去了?

(二)象声词做名词的定语时要用助词“的”,但在数量词前 可以不用“的”。例如: When an onomatope serves as a modifier of a noun, the particle J should be used. But j is generally unnecessary when an onomatope procedes a numeral. For example:
外边轰隆轰隆的响声,可怕极了。
远处传来啪啪两声脆响。

(三)双音节象声词重叠时,有的是 ABAB 式,有的是AABB 式,还有ABB 式的。例如: Dissyllabic onomatopes can be used reproductively: the reduplicative form can be ABAB, AABB or ABB. For example:

嘀咕嘀咕——嘀嘀咕咕
叮当叮当一一叮叮当当——叮叮当
哗啦哗啦——哗啦啦
轰隆轰隆——轰轰隆隆——轰
噼啪噼啪——噼噼啪啪
扑通扑通——扑扑通通——扑通通

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