Grammatical features

二、偏正词组的语法特点 Grammatical features

(一)偏正词组的词序是固定的。前边是“偏”,后边是 “正”。前一部分是修饰、限制后一部分的。例如:
The order of the two constituents in an endocentric phrase is fixed: the modifying word precedes the modified word. For example:

定语 Attributive中心语 Modified Word状语 Adverbial Adjunct中心语 Modified Word
一本
两个小时清楚
弟弟跳舞
毛衣对我

(二)偏正词组的后一部分由名词、动词或形容词构成,前一部分可由各类修饰成分充当。
The second constituent of an endocentric phrase is either a noun a verb or an adjective while the first one can be a premodifier of
any kind.

(三)偏正词组中“偏”和“正”之间有时要用虚词连接。例如:
Sometimes, a function word is used to connect the two constituents.For example:

定语 Attributive助词 Particle中心语 Modified word
东西
快乐生活
蓝蓝天空
状语 Adverbial Adjunct助词 Particle中心语 Modified word
客观分析
高兴

(四)偏正词组的重音常在前边的修饰部分上。 The stress of an endocentric phrase falls on the first constituent in pronunciation.













Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *