- Category: Chapter 15
- Published: Saturday, 06 October 2018 00:16
- Written by Administrator
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1) 名词(代词) + 形容词 (即形容词作宾语补语)
Do you think his idea wrong? 你认为他的意见错了吗？
We must keep our classroom clean. 我们必须保持教室清洁。
2) 名词(代词) + 名词 （即名词作宾语补语）
We call him Jack. 我们叫他杰克。
He considers himself an expert on the subject. 他认为自己是这门学科的专家。
3) 名词(代词) +现在分词（即现在分词作宾语补语）
I saw them playing football. 我看见他们正在踢足球。
When he awoke, he found himself being looked after by a pretty young nurse.
4) 名词(代词) +过去分词（即过去分词作宾语补语）
I had my bike stolen. 我的自行车被偷了。
I saw the ground covered with snow. 我看到地上覆盖着雪。
5) 名词(代词) + 介词短语（即介词短语作宾语补语）
We found everything in good order. 我们发现一切井然有序。
He awoke to find the house on fire. 他醒来时发现房子着了火。
When I called on Tom, I found him at his desk. 我拜访汤姆时，发现他在伏案工作。
We have him as our good friend. 我们把他视为好朋友。
6) 名词(代词) + 副词 （即副词短语作宾语补语）
Send them back. 把它们退回去。
I can't get the nail out. 我没法把这个钉子拔出。
Please turn the light off before you leave. 离开前请关灯。
7) 名词(代词) + 不定式（即不定式作宾语补语）
a. 带to 的不定式作宾语补语
We invited him to come to our school. 我们邀请他来我们学校。
We can't allow them to do that. 我们不能容许他们那样做。
I warn you not to believe a word he says. 我提醒你， 对他讲的话一句也不要信。
I often hear him read English in his room. 我常听见他在房间里读英语。
Please let me do it. 请让我做。
They made me repeat the story. 他们逼我又把那事讲了一遍.
I saw him put the key in the lock. 我看见他把钥匙插进锁孔.
She watched him repair the bicycle. 她看着他修理单车。
Did you notice anyone come in? 你注意到有人进来了吗?
c. 动词help 可以跟带to 的不定式作宾语补语，也可以跟不带to的不定式作宾语补足语。但被动时则要加to。
She sometimes helps her mother (to) wash clothes. 她有时帮她妈妈洗衣服。
I helped him (to) find his things. 我帮他找东西.
They were helped to complete the project. 他们得到帮助完成项目。
He took off his coat immediately. 他立即脱下外套。
It is difficult to sort out the lies from the truth. 很难从事实中区分出谎言。
Can you make out who is over there talking with our teacher?
The improvement in technology made possible the rise of production.
The teacher made clear the difference between the two words. 老师清楚地说明了两个词的区别。
In recent years, China has continuously made public its military expenditure through white paper.
I beg you to keep secret what we talked here. 我求你对这里所谈的话保密。
She found sitting on the desk a guy dressed like a student.
He found hidden behind the rock a plant which he had never seen before.
15.3.3 介词宾语的宾语补足语 (with/without复合结构)
介词with/without 的宾语也常可有宾语补足语，构成复合结构， 表示方式、补充说明、伴随动作、 时间、 条件或原因等。
1）with/without + n. + 现在分词
With the boy leading the way, we quickly found the house.
The English class ended with all students singing an English song.
I can't move about in the city without everybody knowing.
2）with/without + n. + 过去分词
With a lot of problems settled, the newly-elected president is having a good time.
With the homework finished, he was allowed to watch the football match.
3）with/without + n. + 形容词
Before he came here, my father used to sleep with his eyes open.
It was cold outside, the boy ran into the room with his nose red.
4）with/without + n. + 介词短语
The teacher came into the classroom with a book in his hand.
He was asleep with his head on his arms. 他头放在手臂上睡着了。
5）with/without + n. + 副词
He was standing there with nothing on. 他一丝不挂地站在那里。
We went home with our work over. 我们工作做完就回家了。