14.2 复合谓语 

 

14.2.1 情态动词+不带to的动词不定式。   

情态动词有can, could, may, might, must, have to , shall,  should,   will, would, dare, need, ought to, used to,had better,would rather,   

 

I  won’t do it  again.。我不会再做它  

I  will go and move away the bag。我会移走这个袋子的。  

This can’t be done by him.他不可能做这事。  

It must have rained last night.昨晚一定下雨了。   

He may not have finished the work.他可能没有完成工作。  

I would rather have taken his advice.我宁愿已经听取了他的意见。  

He dared not do that 他不敢做那事。   

 

14.2.2 系动词+表语 

 

系动词和表语在意思上紧密联系,不宜分割。   

 

系动词有 am, is , are, was, were.  

 

1)名词作表语   

This is a book. 这是一本书。      

She is a doctor. 她是一个医生。  

 

2数词作表语   

You  are seven. 你是七岁。       

Two and three is five.二加三是五。  

 

3)形容词作表语   

She is beautiful.她是漂亮的。    

He is clever. 他是聪明的。   

The weather has turned  cold天气已经变冷了.      

You  look  the same. 你(们)看起来一样.   

I feel good .  我感觉好。          

I am feeling good. 我现在感觉好。      

 

4)副词作表语 系动词+表语。 

You are there.你是在那儿。     

She is out. 她是在外面。   

He is away.他离开了。    

He has been away. 他已经离开了。       

He must have been away. 他一定已经离开了。  

 

5)介词作表语 介词短语作表语   

You are on duty.    你在值日         

Everything is in good order. 每件事都安排就绪了。   

She is in good health.她身体健康。    

My  pen  is in my bag. 我的钢笔在我的书包里。   

The train is near the house.  火车在房子附近。    

The train is at the station. 火车在车站。   

The train is up the hill火车在上山。       

The train is down the hill火车在下山。   

There is a dog in the park.  公园里有一只狗。    

There are four birds in the sky. 天空中有四只鸟。   

 

6)动词的现在分词形式作表语   

It is surprising. 它是令人惊讶的。        

 

7)动词的过去分词作表语   

I am surprised. 我感到惊讶的。     

felt  tired  all the time. 我整天感到疲惫.   

You are well prepared. 你是很好的准备了的 

 

8)动名词作表语   

Your task is cleaning.   你的任务是做清洁。  

What I like most is swimming.  我最喜欢的是游泳。  

My job is teaching English. 我的工作是教英语。  

 

9)动词不定式作表语   

His job is to feed the animals. 他的工作是喂动物。  

Our aim is to hold the Games. 我们的目标是举办运动会。  

All I could do is to wait. 所有我能做的是等待。  

 

10)表语从句作表语,相当于一个名词。   

The question is whether he will come or not. 问题是他来不来。  

The problem is how many people will come. 问题是有多少人会来。   

His suggestion is that we should stay calm.  他的建议是我们应该保持冷静。  

That is what he is worried about. 那是他担心的事。  

That is where he was born.   那是他出生的地方 

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