9.3 介词的宾语   

 

9.3.1 介词的宾语不仅限于名词和代词, 还可以是其他词类或句子等  

名词  He is walking along the river . 他正沿着河边散步。 

代词  She is interested in it .  她对此很感兴趣。 

形容词  Your plan is far from perfect .  你的计划远非完美。 

副词  I can’t see the tower clearly from here . 从这里我看不清那楼。 

动名词  She spent the morning in reading .  她早上在读书。 

不定式  He couldn’t do anything except wait for the reply . 除了等待回复,他什么也做不了。 

介词短语  He suddenly appeared from behind the door . 他突然从门后出现。 

数词  The students walked there in twos and threes .  学生们三三两两地在那里走动。 

疑问词+ 不定式  That depends on which method to take .  这取决于采取哪种方法。 

疑问词引导从句  He does not care about who will be promoted . 他不关心谁会晋升。 

that 引导的从句  I would go with you but that I am too busy . 我愿意和你一起去,但我太忙了。 

 

9.3.2 介词后的其他结构:   

He is away from home with his children alone .  

他出门将孩子独自留在家里。(名词+ 形容词)  

With the sun down , night came on .  

随着太阳下山,夜晚来临了。(名词+ 副词)   

He left home without a cent in his pocket .  

他口袋里没有一分钱就离开了家。(名词+ 介词短语)   

The night was beautiful with the moon shining brightly .  

夜色美丽,明月闪耀。(名词+ 现在分词)  

His success depends on him (或his) working hard .  

他成功取决于工作努力。(代词+ 现在分词)  

They parted from each other without a word said .  

他们没有说一句话就彼此分开了。(名词+ 过去分词)  

The soldiers returned with a man bound up in rope .  

士兵们带回一名绑着绳子的男子。(名词+ 过去分词)  

He wandered about without anything to do .  

他无所事事地四处闲逛。(代词+ 不定式)  

She stayed late with a lot o f letters to write .  

她睡得很晚,写了很多信。(名词+ 不定式)   

He stayed there three years with Jim his only friend .  

他和吉姆,唯一的朋友,一起在那里待了三年。(名词+ 同位语)   

 

9.3.3 值得注意的是, 除了in that , except that , save that , but that , notwithstanding that 外,that 引导的从句不可直接作介词的宾语, 必须在介词和that 之间加上先行词, 一般是it   

You can count on that your needs will be satisfied . (误)  

You can count on it that your needs will be satisfied . (正)   

您可以指望您的需求会得到满足。 

 

9.3.4 能作介词宾语的形容词是不多的, 常见于下列固定词组中:   

in common 共同, in common with 与⋯⋯相同, in the open 在户外(公开地, 在露天) , in full 充分地(全部地) , far from+ adjective 远远不⋯⋯, for the better 好转, in earnest 认真地, in brief ( short )简言之(总而言之) , for the worse 恶化(变坏) , for sure ( certain) 肯定地, at ( the) most 至多, at least 至少, for short 简称(缩写) , in bad( with sb . ) 失去⋯⋯欢心, for good 永久地(一劳永逸地) , at ( the) longest 至多( 指日期) , from bad to worse 越来越坏(每况愈下) , to the full 尽量地(充分地) , of late 最近, on the whole 总的来说(大体上) , to the good 有好处(净增) , on the sly 偷偷地(秘密地) , to the cont rary 相反的(地) , in the wrong 错的, in the right 正确的( 有理的) , in the rough 大体上( 未完成) , in the red 亏损(出现赤字) , of late 近来, in the raw 处于自然状态的(裸露的) , in vain 徒劳(无效) , in particular 尤其(特别) , for better or worse 不论好坏(不管怎么样) ,at ( the ) latest 最迟, at ones ( its ) + best . . .处于最⋯⋯状态, at large 逍遥法外(一般的) , in the clear 按(两边之间的)内宽计算(无嫌疑, 无罪, 还清债务) , of old 昔日的(很久前)   

They pledged to stand together for better or worse .   

他们承诺无论发生什么都在一起。 

 

介词短语作另一介词的宾语是常见的语言现象, 如:  

from behind the hill 从山后面,till after dinner 到晚饭后, since before the war 自战前以来  

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