1. 4. 物主代词的用法 

 

4.1 物主代词分形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词。形容词性物主代词在句中只用作定语,相当于一个形容词,不能单独使用;名词性物主代词则不能用作定语,相当于一个名词词组,可以单独使用,在句中用作主语、宾语、表语、和介词of连用。  

 

Here is my dog. Its name is Tom.(形容词性物主代词)   

My sister lost her bicycle.   

Is that coffee yours or hers? (名词性物主代词 

 

4.2 名词性物主代词的句法功能 

 

4.2.1 作主语  

 

May I use your pen? Yours works better.  

 

4.2.2 作宾语 

 

I love my motherland as much as you love yours.    

我爱我的祖国就像你爱你的祖国一样深。  

 

4.2.3 作介词宾语  

 

I am writing with your pen, not with mine.  

 

4.2.4 作表语 

 

My life is yours. It's yours. It's yours.  

我的生命属于你,属于你,属于你。   

 

4.3 形容词性物主代词的用法   

 

4.3.1 形容词性物主代词与形容词一起修饰名词时,其顺序是:形容词性物主代词+形容词+名词 

 

my new bike 我的新自行车.     

her young son 她年幼的儿子  

 

4.3.2 形容词性物主代词所修饰的名词可以是单数,也可以是复数 

 

my pen 我的钢笔         his books 他的书   

 

4.3.3 形容词性物主代词不能单独使用,它后面必须跟名词,即在名词前作定语 

 

这是我的钢笔.  [误]This pen is my.       [正]This is my pen.  

 

4.3.4 当名词前有形容词性物主代词修饰时,不能再用冠词aan或the来修饰名词 

 

那是我的自行车.    [误]That is my a bike. / That is a my bike. [正]That is my bike.   

 

4.3.5 当名词前有形容词性物主代词修饰时,不能再用指示代词this, that, these或those来修饰名词。   

 

他们的电脑在这儿。[误]Their those computers are here. (或Those their computers are here.)    [正]Their computers are here.   

 

注意 

 

1)名词性物主代词后不能跟名词,或代词one。它总是单独出现在句中。  

 

The umbrella is mine. 

He likes my pen. He doesn’t like hers.    

 

2)名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词    为避免重复使用名词,有时可用“名词性物主代词”来代替“形容词性物主代词+名词”的形式。      

 

My bag is yellow, her bag is red, his bag is blue and your bag is pink.      

为避免重复使用bag,可写成My bag is yellow, hers is red, his is blue and yours is pink.    

 

3)名词性的物主代词在用法上相当于省略了中心名词的 --'s属格结构 

 

Jack's cap 意为 The cap is Jack's.        

His cap 意为 The cap is his.    

 

4)可以说 a friend of mine (ours, yours, hers, his, theirs),=one of my friends;但是不能说 a friend of me (us, you, her, him, them)。  

 

5)有时同一个结构用不用物主代词会导致含义的变化。 

 

Do’t lose heart. 别灰心   

She lost her heart to Jim. 她爱上了吉姆

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